person making the argument but also about the logic of an argument. An author who essentially replaces logos and ethos with pathos alone should be given low marks. Even Sarah McLachlan, the singer and spokesperson featured in the commercials admits that she changes the channel because they are too depressing (Brekke, 2014). The humblest citizen in all the land when clad in the armor of a righteous cause is stronger than all the whole hosts of error that they can bring. Slippery Slope: making an unsupported or inadequately supported claim that One thing inevitably leads to another.
In such a context, engaging the emotions, values, or beliefs of the audience is a legitimate tool whose effective use should lead you to give the author high marks. Example (untrue premise If she is a Radford student, she is a member of a sorority. The structure of your supporting points is very important; one supporting point should usually lead into another, although they dont always have.
For example, in an argument about the First Amendment, does the author write as if he takes it for granted that his audience is religious? This can be one of the most frustrating, and effective, fallacies to e fallacy gets its name from fox hunting, specifically from the practice of using smoked herrings, which are red, to distract hounds from the scent of their quarry. Appeal to popularity (bandwagon urging audience to follow a course of action because everyone does. Testimonial fallacy : inserting an endorsement of the argument by someone who is popular or respected but who lacks expertise or authority in the area under discussion. Evaluate an Appeal to Ethos, when you evaluate an appeal to ethos, you examine how successfully a speaker or writer establishes authority or credibility with her intended audience. In some cases, downplaying the ethos can be done while emphasizing pathos, for example as William Jennings Bryan did in his Cross of Gold speech : I would be presumptuous, indeed, to present myself against the distinguished gentlemen to whom you have listened if this. That is proof that vaccines are to blame. Click here for a list continuity and change over time essay apush of Persuasive Writing Topics. The best way to incorporate pathos (or emotional) appeals is by using words that carry appropriate connotations. Example: Who would you vote forsomeone raised in a working-class neighborhood who has the support of Joe the Plumber or some elitist whose daddy sent him to a fancy school?