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Published since 1884 by the Society for the Study. Rat Park was a study into drug addiction conducted in the late 1970s (and published in 1981) by Canadian psychologist Bruce. Alexander and his colleagues at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, Canada. Alexander's hypothesis was that drugs do not cause addiction, and that the apparent addiction to opiate drugs commonly.
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Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants.
Nicotine acts as an agonist at most nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs except at two nicotinic receptor subunits (nAChR9 and nAChR10) where it acts as a receptor antagonist.
Nicotine is found in the leaves of Nicotiana.
This site contains the full text of more than 300 articles, 8 monographs, 30 recovery tools, 9 book chapters, 3 books, and links to an additional 17 books written by William White and co-authors over the past four decades as well as more than 100.