box and creativity was a myth. Would is there a word limit on college essays you like to guess the percentage of the participants in the second group who solved the puzzle correctly? The correct solution, however, requires you to draw lines that extend beyond the area defined by the dots. In other words, the difference could easily be due to what statisticians call sampling error. Whats more, in statistical terms, this 5 percent improvement over the subjects of Guilfords original study is insignificant. Because they hadnt, they were obviously not as creative or smart as they had previously thought, and needed to call in creative experts. Speakers, trainers, training program developers, organizational consultants, and university professors all had much to say about the vast benefits of outside-the-box thinking. That this advice is useless when actually trying to solve a problem involving a real box should effectively have killed off the much widely disseminatedand therefore, much more dangerousmetaphor that out-of-the-box thinking spurs creativity.
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Yet participants performance was not improved even when they were given specific instructions to. In the early 1970s, a psychologist named. Both why reading is important argumentative essay teams followed the same protocol of dividing participants into two groups. Copyright 2014 Drew Boyd. Lets look a little more closely at these surprising results. Of course, in real life you wont find boxes. The nine-dot puzzle and the phrase thinking outside the box became metaphors for creativity and spread like wildfire in, management, psychology, the creative arts, engineering, and personal improvement circles. The first group was given the same instructions as the participants in Guilfords experiment. Only 20 percent managed to break out of the illusory confinement and continue their lines in the white space surrounding the dots.
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