research paper on hiv prevention

take steps to protect yourself from HIV infection. Self-reported adherence score and pill count adherence 95 percent were significantly associated with viral suppression. Having less HIV in your body will reduce your risk of transmitting HIV to your partner. The section on antiretrovirals for prevention discusses post-exposure prophylaxis, treatment as prevention, and pre-exposure prophylaxis.

Who should be prioritized if resources are limited? The authors argued that the preventive effectiveness of ART varies with changes in treatment parameters such as initiation time, adherence, drug resistance, coverage, and efficacy of treatment. The overall rate of HIV transmission at six weeks was.3 percent in the triple ARV group and 5 percent in the zidovudine and single-dose nevirapine group. In their review, which focused on sub-Saharan Africa, the authors defined three stages delineating the time from: (1) HIV testing to obtaining CD4 count results; (2) designation as enrollment to pre-ART care until eligible to ART; and (3) designation as ART-eligible to initiating ART. PrEP is an HIV prevention option for people who dont have HIV but who are at high risk of becoming infected with HIV. Successful HIV prevention programs not only give information, but also build skills and provide access to essential commodities such as condoms or sterile injecting equipment. Psychological variables were collected at every quarterly visit.

The hptn 052 study trial sites in Brazil, India, Malawi, Thailand, the United States, and Zimbabwe are continuing to offer all study couples early initiation of treatment and will follow them until the planned end date of 2015. Programs should consider early treatment for people living with HIV whose CD4 count is 350 cells/L or lower and who are in discordant couples. For example, more research is needed on how ART affects male and female genital tracts and rectal mucosal tissue. Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy on Sexual Risk Behaviors in the Developing World The review explored the link between antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation and risky sexual behaviors. All randomized controlled trials, case-control, and cohort studies were included. View Article Abstract, antiretroviral Therapy for Prevention of HIV Transmission in HIV-Discordant Couples. View Article, modeling the Impact on the HIV Epidemic of Treating Discordant Couples with Antiretrovirals to Prevent Transmission. The HIV medicine reduces the risk of infection from any HIV that may have entered a babys body during childbirth. . It should be remembered that many people dont fit into only one risk category. Updated 8/2015, what We Know. HIV-diagnosed individuals agree to start ART.